Winter cities have a unique set of spatial features characterized by low temperatures, snow and ice, and chilly winds, and a rich quantity of textures, shadows, and colors on their environments. However, the reduced exposure to sun during the winter season may affect the use of public outdoor urban spaces, and so mental and physical health, and enjoyment of cities. Streets, as the main outdoor public space, are aimed at providing character to cities.
The shape, textures, vegetation, furniture, lights, colors and buildings that create the street atmosphere should be thought, designed and built harmonically and systematically towards the city growth. Winter cities are to be shaped differently with respect to the sunlight and natural landscapes in order to take advantage of their psychological, ecological, and cultural benefits. Urban design, environmental psychology and biophilic design provide insights for the development of public spaces that help improving the physical and mental health of the residents. The attention restoration theory in psychology proposes that fascination is an important step for the mental restoration process that can be produced by biophilic elements such as native vegetation, sunlight, textures, colors and well-designed buildings. This presentation focuses on the psychological benefits of fascinating streets and presents a conceptual design for the geometry and components for the design of streets and public places that can be considered for urban design policies of winter cities.